Some time ago I started a pet project DIY esp8266 oscilloscope, cheap and simple? First experiments showed that the concept is viable, but, to be honest, I didn’t expect so many troubles with my first version of analog frontend (my knowledge in high-speed analog circuits is limited, so now I understand that such result was rather expected). But thanks to free SPICE simulation software (like Tina-TI or LTspice) I was able to analyze my mistakes and fix them. Recently I had time to test the newest version of my schematic for the AFE and it seems very promising. I managed to get 2MOhm ~20pF input amplified enough to feed 2 ADCs on STM32 uC connected in parallel and running at very high speed (in this mode input impedance of the ADC is very low and requires an amplifier to create an input with high impedance). The schematic is based on a very cheap but surprisingly well-performing Chinese OPAMP Gainsil GS8052-SR which is easy to solder rait-to-rail high current output broadband operational amplifier. Here is my test setup with ADALM2000 which I used to get the Bode plot of the amplifier characteristics.
And here are the measured parameters of the AFE:
As you can see the amplification is pretty linear up to ~15Mhz which is perfectly enough for my purposes (max ADC sampling rate in my setup is 18Msps(with adc resolution 6bit), but at practically useful 8bit resolution it is ~13Msps). When I have time I’ll continue my experiments on the creation of the very cheap yet useful oscilloscope. Stay tuned!
Hi, I like the idea of simple and cheap tools for DIY community. That’s why I tried to create a simple 40Msps DIY oscilloscope based on esp32 chip. Unfortunately, the chip, in spite of all of its power, wasn’t able to handle the data flow from 40Msps ADC (it turned out that only up to 20Msps is possible for the esp32). But, in my opinion, 20Msps isn’t enough for a complicated design with an external ADC when there is an excellent stm32f303 microcontroller that can reach about the same speed with an embedded ADC + analog watchdog functionality for a hardware trigger purposes. STMicroelectronics produces very convenient development boards for its microcontrollers and I have a new idea! If we take a cheap and easy to buy dev board (for example stm32nucleo-f303k8), equip it with a bare minimum analog front end (simplest possible attenuator + amplifier to have high input impedance and suitable input signal range capabilities), add an esp8266 module for wireless communication + 18650 Li-Ion battery for power. All together will provide us with a relatively simple “stm32nucleo – hat” PCB that will turn the dev board from ST into a wireless oscilloscope. Basically, I’ve already run 2 PCB revisions and the idea looks absolutely viable. We can get up to 18Msps with 6-bit resolution and 10Msps at 12-bit, which is pretty good taking into account the simplicity and price of the device. The only problem is the proper design of the analog front end which is not that simple when you want to have both low cost and proper quality at higher frequencies at the same time. But it looks like I figured out all the needed changes and ready to prepare the next revision of the PCB to test my ideas. I’ll publish all my work as an open source design as soon as it works properly. Should you want to support this project please donate.
This post will be extended as soon as new information (schematic, pcb, firmware) is available.
To be continued…
Hi all, here is the video demonstration of my SWO (serial wire output) data logger device. Pretty cool, isn’t it?
Hi all, a short update on SWO logger. I managed to implement a very basic SWO data logger based on M5STACK device. Looks nice and works well (see the picture below where my test setup is shown). I have to admit though, that this thing turned out to be not as simple as expected. Now it needs some real-life testing. I’ll use it for some of my future projects and let you know about my experience. I hope it worth the time spent on it.
- – the white thing on the picture is a power bank, small blue PCB is the “device under test” stm32 “bluePill”, black box with LCD – m5stack that runs my SWO data logger software.
how often have you had a nasty bug which is never happening in the lab but spoils your day by appearing on your firmware in field once a week/month/year? That’s a terrible problem that could make your sleep bad. It’s not a new problem in the embedded world and in high-risk applications it’s successfully solved with “black box” functionality that is logging all the important firmware events. But everything has its cost, such “black box” adds serious time and material burden to the project. You need to provide some non-volatile memory and CPU resources and space on the PCB for this purpose, it’s ok when your application is responsible for a rocket launch or an oxygen delivery for a submarine. Nobody cares about a few extra weeks of developer’s work and couple tens bucks for the hardware in such projects. But what can we do, for example, for a humble HVAC system for private households where each dollar for development and/or production cost is critical. Nobody wants to buy a thermoregulator that costs like a rocket even if it’s VERY reliable. And at the same time, nobody likes getting complains from customers if some “thermoregulator” doesn’t work as expected. And how many times have you met a situation when customer’s “as expected” actually didn’t comply to device manual or use conditions were out of specs? It would be good to have a cheap yet efficient trace logger so that you know exactly what’s going on with your device. You would get a useful data source for an issue investigation and your customers would get a fast solution to their problems. If only it was possible… Or… Maybe it’s possible?
I believe it’s possible. In many modern microcontrollers, there is so-called SWO (serial wire output) pin available, its something like a very fast UART TX pin with some extra features that can send out information about variable changes and/or simple text traces that could be used to control your firmware execution. And all of that with minimal load and delays for microcontroller’s core. Neat, isn’t it? A single pin on the uC which is a part of standard JTAG connector, but so much profit. SWO is supported by many debuggers now. But debugger doesn’t solve the problem of a long run-time trace recording. In most cases, you can’t drive across the country to connect your laptop to a device that has some problems and wait days or weeks before a problem appears to debug it. And here is my idea – SWO data logger. Very small and cheap device that can be connected to the programming port of the device to be investigated which will record all the SWO traces to SD card. You don’t have to send your software developer in an expensive business trip. Just send the logger by post, let it collect the data on site until the problem is reproduced and then investigate the log file. Profit!
After doing its job the logger can be sent back. No expenses for a “black box” hardware in series production, connect the “black box”(SWO logger) only when it’s needed. No problems with delays for UART prints – use all features of SWO to reduce load from a logging task. Such a tool would let us be more efficient and I want to develop it.
Stay tuned, bye!
Hi everybody, since my first post about the project I have made a couple video demonstrations and built several prototypes. I invested in the project a huge amount of time, but this is the time to admit that the project has failed. And I want to explain why.
The largest problem – incomplete unclear and misleading documentation of the esp32 chip. According to the specification, esp32’s I2S is able to work at 40MHz clock rate, but it’s not true (at least for parallel mode). According to my experiments and some information from other developers the maximum speed is 20MHz but even at this speed not all FIFO modes work. I have spent a couple of weeks investigating the problem and wondering why I2S at high speed puts 2 absolutely identical samples in the buffer. I found that other developers have the same problem and obviously it’s esp32 limitation.
The second problem – no JTAG debugging support. Unfortunately, I didn’t manage to make JTAG for esp32 work properly. Developers of “Sloeber IDE” did a greate job to create a fully functional IDE for Arduino platforms, but for some reasons, my j-Link doesn’t work with esp32’s OCD server from Espressif properly. When there is no proper documentation for the chip a proper debugger becomes a crucially important part of a successful development. But it’s not the case for esp32 (at least now, I hope in future it will be better).
The third problem – analog frontend of a high-speed oscilloscope is not a simple thing. Yes, my knowledge in analog electronics is relatively limited and it took me a while before I realized that I have underestimated the complexity of this part of the project. My goal was to create a very simple and cheap hardware that could be easily assembled by an amateur, but it seems to be not possible. Without shielding, bus drivers, operational amplifiers and other parts of a proper analog frontend it simply doesn’t work with proper quality. And when you put all of this in the project it becomes neither simple nor cheap.
So to summarize:
- My initial goals for the project (40Msps, low-cost and simple schematic) are not reachable with esp32 and selected hardware architecture. I think that 20Msps is a too slow speed.
- The development effort for esp32 is unacceptably high due to bad documentation and absence of proper debugging tools. But this statement is true only when you are doing something unusual. With typical tasks like web server hosting and wifi communication esp32 works well.
Due to some software mistakes, the signal doesn’t look really good, but I found the problem and now waiting for PCB to improve also hardware quality. Hopefully, on the next video, we will see a beautiful picture with all features of a good oscilloscope (various trigger settings and low noise). Stay tuned!
Hi, this post is just to let you know that sources of the EasyVolts GUI tool are now open source. Please find the project at this link. It’s free to modify and use, so you may use it to create your own tool that would better fit your needs. Also, it’s cross-platform because written on Python, so you won’t be limited by a particular platform.
Hi everybody, in this post I want to tell you the latest news about my projects. First of all EasyVolts rev3 is now available on Tindie.com for a purchase. And the second update – I’ve started a new project of esp32 based wireless oscilloscope which is completely open. I’ve already posted sources for my experiments and some demo video is below. Bye!
PS. Sorry for the terrible quality, I was pretty excited that my code worked as expected and couldn’t resist sharing my demo immediately ))
To simplify control of the EasyVolts I made a GUI tool. Now you can activate any function of the EasyVolts just in a couple clicks.
The program for windows can be downloaded here: EasyVoltsGUI